Andrew Johnson (April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869)


Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 - July 31, 1875) was the seventeenth President of the United States, succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Andrew Johnson

Johnson was a U.S. Senator from Greeneville, Tennessee at the time of the secession of the southern states. He was the only southern Senator not to quit his post upon secession, and became the most prominent War Democrat from the South. In 1862 Lincoln appointed Johnson military governor of Tennessee, where he proved energetic and effective in fighting the rebellion. Johnson was nominated for the Vice President slot in 1864 on the National Union Party ticket. He was elected along with Abraham Lincoln in November 1864, and he became president upon Lincoln's assassination on April 15, 1865. As president he took charge of Presidential Reconstruction - the first phase of Reconstruction - which lasted until the Radical Republicans gained control of Congress in the 1866 elections. His conciliatory policies towards the South, his hurry to reincorporate the former Confederates back into the union, and his vetoes of civil rights bills embroiled him in a bitter dispute with the Radical Republicans. The Radicals in the House of Representatives impeached him in 1868, but he was acquitted by a single vote in the Senate. He was the first U.S. President to be impeached.¹

Quotes

"The goal to strive for is a poor government but a rich people."

"Honest conviction is my courage; the Constitution is my guide."

"I feel incompetent to perform duties...which have been so unexpectedly thrown upon me."

"There are no good laws but such as repeal other laws."

Noteworthy Sites

¹ Andrew Johnson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Books on Andrew Johnson
Biography of Andrew Johnson
Essays on Andrew Johnson and His Administration
President Andrew Johnson Museum and Library

 


 
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